Today's playoff, also featuring American Brittany Altomare, was played in driving rain as the Thursday weather that forced the year's final major to be cut to 54 holes came full circle.
Her fate was matched by Jutanugarn, who similarly bogied the last to miss the playoff, which was eventually, and somewhat farcically, won by Nordqvist on the first playoff hole as rain and hail fell.
But Nordqvist was much closer with her chip and she holed from four feet to record her second major title, following her Ladies Professional Golf Association Championship eighty years ago, doubling over and holding her head in emotion after securing the fifth and final major of this season's LPGA European Tour.
Second-round leader Moriya Jutanugarn of Thailand and two-time major victor Lydia Ko of New Zealand fell out of the playoff by dropping shots on the 18th. It was there that Nordqvist continued her charge, having already picked up three birdies and an eagle to offset the two bogeys with which she had to start the day.
Altomare got $340,000 for only her second career top-10 finish, three weeks after she secured a third-place tie at the Portland Classic.More news: Sampha beats Ed Sheeran to take home Mercury Prize
South Korea had produced champions at three of the first four majors, with Ryu So-yeon winning the ANA Inspiration in April and followed by Park Sung-hyun at the U.S. Women's Open in July and Kim In-kyung at the Ricoh Women's British Open in August.
She won the title in 2009 and 2011 - it became a major in 2013.
Ariya Jutanugarn won't be playing Sunday when her sister chases history.
The 30-year-old has been battling glandular fever in recent months but said she had been inspired by her grandfather's advice to "never give up" when times are tough.
Ko finished one shot back, with her third placing her best finish in a major in her last six attempts, and marking her eighth finish of third-or-better in a major championship.More news: British Airways Plane Evacuated In Paris For Security Reasons
Katherine Kirk is one further back after the Australian staged a gallant recovery from being two over after eight holes, following a birdie at nine with gains at 13, 16 and 17 to return a creditable 69.
She steeled herself during the second round.
"The distance was 25 meters, so I was deciding whether I'm going to do chipping or putting, and I think after I made the shot, I was surprised, as well", Park said after her round.
"I want to win my first tournament", Jutanugarn said. Well, it's just like I try to keep working on my game, keep improve whatever I can.More news: Most Active Runner As Share Volume Pops for Oracle Corporation (NYSE:ORCL)
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