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India ranked No. 1 in pollution related deaths

21 October 2017

India accounted for about 28 percent of an estimated nine million pollution linked deaths worldwide in 2015.

Welfare losses due to pollution are estimated to cost more than Dollars 4.6 trillion each year, equivalent to 6.2 per cent of global economic output, it said.

Researchers, including those from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in New Delhi and Icahn School of Medicine in the USA, pointed out that nearly 92 per cent pollution-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

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The Lancet report notes specific areas of concern in Canada for First Nations in northern Alberta and Ontario due to oil and gas development and chemical manufacturing.

Relying on earlier studies of pollution and its health impacts, the report has estimated that water pollution, including that from unsafe sanitation, caused over 646,000 deaths in India, a third of the water pollution-linked deaths worldwide.

Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-related deaths.

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Most of these deaths are due to non-communicable diseases caused by pollution such as heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), researchers said.

"Our goal is to raise awareness of the importance of pollution and mobilise the political will needed to tackle it by providing the most in-depth estimates of pollution and health", Philip Landrigan, professor of environmental health at the Mount Sinai School of Health in NY, who led the consortium's effort, said in a news release. But the number of water pollution deaths in China was only about 34,000, compared to 0.64 million in the case of India.

On Diwali celebration, air pollution levels in India have spiked the bursting of firecrackers on Diwali.

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Dirty air, caused by everything from vehicle fumes and industry to indoor fires, was the biggest contributor resulted in 6.5 million deaths, he said.

India ranked No. 1 in pollution related deaths