"World leaders must now take the right step and sign the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons that opened for signatures at the United Nations on September 20, 2017".
It says Russian Federation must be persuaded it would face "unacceptably dire costs" if it were to threaten even a limited nuclear attack in Europe.
The sweeping review of USA nuclear policy does not call for any net increase in strategic nuclear weapons, a position that stands in contrast to President Donald Trump's statement, in a tweet shortly before he took office, that the U.S.
Among the greatest of the current threats is that of North Korea, and the standoff between Washington and Pyongyang has many uneasy.
"Signs that Russian Federation is re-arming, not only conventionally but with nuclear weapons, are obvious", Gabriel said.
This posture review signals such a radical and unsafe shift in USA nuclear policy direction North Atlantic Treaty Organisation states will be forced to re-evaluate their positions to not automatically accept and support the U.S.in this changed nuclear policy, he added. Known officially as a nuclear posture review, it is customarily done at the outset of a new administration.
The US military has put countering China and Russian Federation at the centre of a new national defence strategy unveiled earlier this month, shifting priorities away from fighting Islamist militants.
"We in Europe must begin new initiatives for arms control and disarmament".More news: Zero tolerance for female genital mutilation
The treaty, negotiated under President Barack Obama, entered into force on February 5, 2011, and its weapons limits must be met by February 5.
U.S. Virginia-class nuclear attack submarine USS Hawaii is berthed at a dock at the U.S. naval base in Yokosuka, south of Tokyo, August 22, 2014. It gave a tally of 1,444 strategic nuclear warheads.
"Moscow has repeatedly stated its intention to meet those limits on time, and we have no reason to believe that that won't be the case", State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said February 1.
"This is a response to Russian expansion of their capability and the nature of their strategy and doctrine", Defense Secretary Jim Mattis wrote in the 75-page summary of the review, which also highlights the US concerns about North Korea, Iran, and China.
Laid down eight years ago, the previous NPR focused on the importance of reducing the role of nuclear weapons, reflecting the ideals of then President Barack Obama, who championed "a world without nuclear weapons".
The document specifically points to a Russian doctrine known as "escalate to de-escalate", in which Moscow would use or threaten to use smaller-yield nuclear weapons in a limited conventional conflict in Europe to compel the United States and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation to back down.
Russian Federation has already condemned the plan.
The wording of the review indicated that current USA policymakers would be more ready to authorize first use of nuclear weapons, even against non-nuclear armed enemies, Freeman observed.More news: Lallana sent off for grabbing opponent's throat in Under-23 outing
The administration proposes a two-step solution.
Some nuclear warheads in submarine-launched ballistic missiles would be replaced with small-scale nuclear weapons with greatly reduced explosive power.
The minister warned "as in the times of the Cold War, we in Europe are especially endangered" by "a renewed nuclear arms race".
In public appearances last fall, Burroughs said, the present and former commanders of Strategic Command stated that orders to use nuclear weapons in violation of the law of armed conflict would be refused.
Tangen also pointed out that nuclear deterrents can "blow up the world many hundred times over with the existing stockpile".
His comments came after the Defense Department on Friday unveiled a new Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), its first in eight years, which calls for developing smaller nukes in a bid to counter Russian Federation.
A red danger tag hanging in the command and control center is seen inside U.S. Virginia-class nuclear attack submarine USS Hawaii at the U.S. naval base in Yokosuka, south of Tokyo, Aug. 22, 2014.More news: Winter weather could make for slick afternoon commute
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