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Everything To Know About Deadly Nipah Virus

29 May 2018

The Nipah virus (NiV) is one of the deadliest viruses outhere.

The Kerala government on Wednesday asked residents to avoid travelling to four districts in the north of the state amid a Nipah virus epidemic that has claimed 11 lives so far.

The state of Kerala, in southern India, is on high alert due to deaths caused by Nipah Virus Outbreak, especially after the death of a doctor treating a Nipah Virus patient.

Officials set a net over a well to catch bats in Kozhhikode district of Kerala which is the epicentre of the outbreak
Officials set a net over a well to catch bats in Kozhhikode district of Kerala which is the epicentre of the outbreak

Lini, a nurse who was taking care of Nipah virus affected patients in Kerala, affected with the disease and died of the infection. Amidst the news of the Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala this news has triggered panic among the locals.

Kozhikode: A fourth member of the same family in Kerala has died of the rare Nipah virus, officials said on Thursday.

Health officials are investigating the outbreak in Kerala, where the first death was witnessed last week, have traced it to a well overspread with bats from which the victim drew water.

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In a letter to the medical authorities, the director of Health Services, Braja Kishore Brahma, underscored the need to take preventive measures against the deadly virus as treatment options were limited.

"People have been advised to keep distance from bats and pigs".

"All steps to prevent the spread of the virus have been taken", she added, urging people not to destroy colonies of fruit bats. The symptoms that start appearing five to 14 days after infection include dizziness, headache, fever, nausea, drowsiness and confusion.

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Eating fruits that have been partially eaten by infected bats or the cooked meat of infected animals can also lead to people developing the virus.

Meanwhile, health minister KK Shylaja declared an ex-gratia of Rs 5 lakh each to the families of the people who died from the infection.

"One of the key triggers is human encroachment into breeding areas of bats", says Dr Mahesh Kumar, Consultant Internal Medicine, Narayana Hospital. It was first diagnosed in Malaysia in 1988, when pigs were found susceptible to this virus-the farmers and rearers who handled the secretion of the animals eventually fell prey to the disease as well. According to the World Health Organization, the fruit bat is the natural host of the virus and often do not display any symptoms.

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The major treatment for infected is "Intensive Supportive Care", according to United Nations health body.

Everything To Know About Deadly Nipah Virus